Monday, 2 March 2015

Skincare Basics: Cleansing, Toning and Moisturising

Today I'm gonna talk to you all about skincare, more specifically the very basics of skincare that a lot of people overlook.
One of the most common concerns with people skin is the lack of radiance and that their skin feels congested and dull and 9 times out of 10 it's because the wrong routine is being used.
Now I'm going to preface this by saying that genetics plays a huge part in how your skin looks and drinking 2 litres of water a day is going to help keep your skin clear and hydrated however if you are using face wipes and not moisturising, your skin is not going to look it's best.
While I could probably write a 200 page essay on skin I've decided to keep this simple and just concentrate on the very basics for now.

The most important step in your skincare routine and the one that most people get wrong. 
Yes, you need to cleanse every day, morning and evening, simple as that. 
If you're are wearing make-up  a "double cleanse" is necessary, the first will remove your make-up and the second is to clean your skin.
If you are using facial wipes, baby wipes or soap, please stop! You do not realise the damage it's causing because you can't see it right now but trust me in 20/30 years time you will and you'll wish you listened to me, lol
Wipes do not rid skin of make-up, instead they "smoosh" your make-up from side to side while leaving a lovely residue behind which will clog your pores, soap on the other hand is too alkaline and will dry your skin out. 

To cleanse your skin effectively of all make-up you need to be using a balm or oil on dry skin, massaging it into skin for a couple of minutes (this will boost circulation) and then removing it using a facial flannel or cloth. Then you can go in with a milk, cream or gel product to deep cleanse the skin and leave it feeling refreshed. 

A quick note on micellar waters. I use them as a pre-cleanse to a balm when I'm wearing long wear make-up or to remove eye make-up not as a cleanser, they aren't strong enough. 

What a toner does is restore the PH balance of the skin, refine the skin texture, add a dose of moisture to the skin or to help balance an oily complexion. 
What a toner doesn't do is remove the last traces of make-up or cleanser and close the pores. 
If you can still see make-up on that cotton pad when you've reached the toner stage then you haven't cleansed properly also pores do not "open and close" they can look smaller if you use the right products  but they will not disappear. 
Think of using a toner as a primer before moisturiser, you skin will need less product and your moisturisers performance will be enhanced. 

A note on toners with alcohol. They are okay on certain skin types (a lot of people will disagree with me on this one), if you're dry and dehydrated stay well clear but if you are more on the oily side then you might find it helps control shine and your skin will feel less congested.

A basic moisturiser will protect your skin from the outside environment (weather, pollution, AC or central heating) but will also add a dose of hydration and allow you make-up to go on a lot smoother. 
Even the oiliest of skins need moisturiser it just a case of getting the right product for your skin type. 
As a general rule an oily skin will love a light lotion or gel while someone with drier skin will prefer a cream or balm. 
If you choose a moisturiser with an SPF please bear in mind that it might be adequate protection for a day out shopping in the mild UK sunshine but not two weeks in the caribbean, so you might need a separate SPF.
If your daily moisturiser does have an SPF you will need a product without one for night time use as you skin can do without the added chemicals of a sunscreen at night.

Remember that the products you're using don't have to cost a fortune they just have to be suitable for your skin type, if you're not sure what that is go and have a facial and let a specialist asses your skin.

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